A Quick Guide to Ingredient Substitutions

updated Dec 10, 2020
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Stick of butter, one opened
Credit: Joe Lingeman

We’ve all faced ingredient conundrums and last-minute shortages in the kitchen. Oh no! Out of eggs! No heavy cream! Need a buttermilk substitute! Thankfully, there are a few tried-and-true substitutions you can turn to in a pinch. These can also be helpful if you’re trying to modify a recipe out of dietary necessity (shifting it to be dairy or gluten-free, for example). This guide will help get you started.

The Best Baking Substitutes

What to do if you need to replace eggs in a recipe:

What to do if you need to replace all-purpose flour in a recipe:

Can’t borrow a cup of sugar? Try these instead:

What to do if you run out of milk or don’t have heavy cream (and more):

Substitutes for Savory Cooking

Do you have any go-to ingredient substitutes you rely on for convenience (when you’re out of the called-for ingredient) or health issues (vegan, dairy- or- gluten-free)?

Related: Substitutions: A Handy Kitchen App for iPhones and iPads

(Image: Faith Durand)