King cakes are made around the world as part of the festival of the Epiphany, but in New Orleans, king cakes have truly taken on a life of their own. From the start of Carnival on January 6 through Mardi Gras at the beginning of February, you'll find one of these sweet, color-splashed king cakes in just about every office break room and at every family gathering.
Did you get "the baby"? That means you bring the next cake — and we have just the cake you'll want to bring.
The Tradition of the King Cake
King cakes are named for the Three Kings of the Bible and were part of the Epiphany celebration at the end of the 12 Days of Christmas. They're variously called Galette des Rois in France, Rosca de Reyes in Spain, and vasilopita in Greece.
I spoke with Judy Walker, retired food editor for the New Orlean's Times-Picayune and author of Cooking Up a Storm, about how the king cake tradition has taken shape in Louisiana. She told me that it was originally brought to the area by French settlers, but it wasn't until the 20th century that the cakes really took firm hold. Two local bakeries, McKenzie's and Gambino's, were key in establishing the cultural significance of the king cakes. They started selling their versions of king cake during Carnival season, and the popularity just skyrocketed. Walker told me that king cakes from New Orleans' bakeries are now shipped all over the world, and it's become a major industry in the area.
What's with the Baby?
Traditionally, the "baby" was actually a small dried bean or a pecan, which would get baked right into the cake. Finding the bean in your slice of cake means that you got to be king or queen for the day and are also responsible for bringing the next cake to keep the party going. (If you're in New Orleans, don't overlook this etiquette of bringing the next cake or you may find yourself with grumpy co-workers!)
Since then, the bean has morphed into an actual toy baby figurine — although Walker was quick to stop me when I mused that this must represent the baby Jesus. She said that all sorts of trinkets have been used in king cakes, and the baby figurine is just one that caught on particularly well.
Read more: Mardi Gras: Does That King Cake Baby Represent the Baby Jesus? by Judy Walker for The Times-Picayune
King Cakes Every Which Way
New Orleans king cakes take after the Southern French tradition of a ring-shaped cake made with a rich yeasted bread similar to brioche, but as Walker explained to me, there is a lot of room for the individual baker's tastes and interpretation. Yes, the very original king cakes were fairly plain yeasted loaves, included no filling, and were barely sweet, but they have evolved with the times and with people's tastes.
These days, you can find — or make! — king cakes that are filled or unfilled, shaped in a plain circle or twisted into a braid, and topped with plain icing or covered with glittering sprinkles on every surface. The most popular versions are stuffed with a cream cheese filling or with a cinnamon filling, but Walker also talked about seeing king cakes filled with everything from pecan praline to goat cheese and apples. Walker says, "People like their own styles and often have loyalties to a particular bakery."
Our Recipe for King Cake
The particular king cake that I made for this recipe is adapted from Walker's own recipe in Cooking Up a Storm. I took her advice on the filling and stuck with cinnamon and sugar — my favorite — and rolled it up like one giant cinnamon roll. I love the pretty spiraled layers this makes. If you'd like a more sweet and doughy bread with less filling than we've made here, just roll your dough more thinly and make fewer rolls.
How To Make a King Cake for Mardi Gras
What You Need
For the cake:
1/4 cup water
2 teaspoons active-dry yeast
8 tablespoons (1 stick) unsalted butter, at room temperature and very soft
1/4 cup whole or 2% milk
2 large eggs, lightly beaten
2 tablespoons granulated sugar
1/2 teaspoon salt
1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg
3 to 3 1/2 cups all-purpose flour
Cooking spray or vegetable oil
For the cinnamon filling:
4 tablespoons unsalted butter, at room temperature
2/3 cup packed light brown sugar
1 1/2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
1 dried red bean, half a pecan, or plastic figurine of choice
To decorate the cake:
1 cup powdered sugar, sifted
2 tablespoons whole or 2% milk, plus more as needed
1/4 teaspoon almond extract
Purple, green, and yellow paste food coloring or sprinkles (or other colors depending upon the occasion
Stand mixer, or large bowl if kneading by hand
3 small bowls, for mixing colored icing
- Mix the dough. Combine the water and yeast in the bowl of a stand mixer and let it dissolve. Stir in the butter, milk, eggs, sugar, salt, and nutmeg. Add 3 cups of the flour and stir to form a shaggy dough. Reserve the remaining 1/2 cup of flour.
- Knead the dough. Using the dough hook attachment, begin kneading the dough on low speed. Continue kneading the dough until all the loose flour has been worked in, the dough comes together in a ball, and it feels smooth and elastic, 5 to 7 minutes. It will feel a bit more dense and malleable than regular bread dough — more like play dough. (Alternatively, turn the dough out on a lightly floured counter and knead by hand for about 10 minutes.) If the dough sticks to the bowl, the hook, or your hands, add a little of the reserved flour.
- Let the dough rise. Clean the bowl used to mix the dough and coat it lightly with cooking spray or vegetable oil. Shape the dough into a ball with your hands, set it in the bowl, and cover with plastic wrap or a kitchen towel. Let the dough rise in a warm place until doubled in bulk, about 1 hour.
- Roll the dough into a rectangle. Scrape the dough out onto a lightly floured work surface. Using floured hands, pat it into a rough rectangular shape, then use a rolling pin to roll the dough into a fairly thin rectangle roughly 24 inches wide by 10 inches tall.
- Spread the filling over the dough. Use a spatula to spread the butter in a thin layer all over the dough, leaving a 1/2-inch border at the top of the rectangle. Whisk together the sugar and cinnamon, then sprinkle it evenly over the butter. Press the cinnamon sugar lightly with the palms of your hands or the rolling pin to help it stick to the butter.
- Hide the bean. Place the dried red bean or pecan half somewhere on the surface of the dough; it will be hidden once you roll up the dough. If you're using a plastic figurine in your cake, wait until after the cake is baked to add it.
- Roll up the dough. Starting at the long end closest to you, roll the dough up toward the top. A pastry scraper can help with this step if your dough sticks to the counter. Pinch the log of dough closed and roll it over onto the seam.
- Coil the log into a spiral. Curl the log of dough into a spiral and overlap the ends slightly so that the spiral is the same height all around. Pinch the dough lightly where the ends overlap so they form a seal. Transfer the spiral to a baking sheet lined with parchment.
- Let the dough rise again and preheat the oven. Drape the dough loosely with plastic wrap. Let it rise at room temperature until it looks puffed and slightly larger, 45 to 60 minutes. Halfway through the rising, arrange a rack in the middle of the oven and heat to 350°F.
- Bake the king cake. Bake until lightly browned and golden-brown on top, 30 to 40 minutes. A little syrupy filling might ooze onto the baking sheet; this is normal.
- Cool the cake. Let the cake cool for a few minutes on the baking sheet, then transfer the cake onto a wire cooling rack. Let it cool completely to room temperature. If using a plastic figurine, gently push it into the underside of the cake so that it's hidden.
- Prepare the icing. Place the powdered sugar, milk, and almond extract in a small bowl and whisk together to create a thick, but pourable, icing. Add more milk 1/2 tablespoon at a time as needed to adjust the consistency. Leave the icing white if you're decorating the cake with colored sprinkles, or divide the icing into 3 bowls and tint each one a different color with food dyes.
- Decorate the cake. Drizzle the frosting over the cake in patches of different color, letting some icing drizzle down the sides. "Paint" the cake with as many different patches or strips as you like. Cover with colored sprinkles if desired.
- Store or serve. Let the icing dry completely before serving. If not serving immediately, loosely cover with plastic and store at room temperature — avoid the plastic touching the icing as much as possible, or wait to frost until just before serving.
Freeze your cake: Let the unfrosted cake cool completely, then wrap in a double layer of plastic wrap and foil. Freeze for up to 3 months. Thaw overnight at room temperature, then frost before serving.
Storage: The sliced cake or leftovers can be kept in an airtight container at room temperature for up to 2 days.