Kitchens are so difficult in this situation because the materials, appliances, and spatial norms change so much over time. They aren't simply the bones of a room to be filled with whatever choice of furniture you fancy. Their styles are permanent and pricey to update, yet their fixtures are constantly changing.
We believe the answer is the classic kitchen, with neutral natural materials, the best major appliances you can afford, and simple white tile on the walls. Light fixtures can be changed out more readily, so might reflect the personal tastes of the current owner or the period of the home. The kitchen featured up top, for instance, is installed in a home from around 1830 (pictured below). It fits it well, yet could also be fit just fine in a contemporary home.
(Images: Elle Decor)