all-star guidebook to preserving and making jams, pickles, and sauces. Here are a couple of choice recipes (and step-by-step canning instructions too!) from this lavishly illustrated book. We love how the basic recipes are often paired with larger recipes that incorporate the preserves in some inspiring way. This is a great example: Pickled beets, with an arugula salad. Yum!
Pickled Beets Pickled beets charm in salad preparations, lending color, texture, and their signature flavor. Try them layered with fresh mozzarella and a drizzle of olive oil, or eat them straight from the jar. Any beet variety, from red to gold to red-and-white-striped Chioggias, can be used. 1 lb (500 g) beets 1 white onion, sliced 1 cup (8 fl oz/250 ml) cider vinegar (5 percent acidity) 1/4 cup (2 oz/60 g) sugar, or to taste 1 Tbsp cardamom pods 1 Tbsp whole cloves Pinch of salt Makes 4 one-pint (16–fl oz/500-ml) jars Have ready hot, sterilized jars and their lids (see below). Put the beets into a large saucepan (if using different-colored beets, separate them into 2 saucepans) and add water to cover by 2 inches (5 cm). Bring to a boil, reduce the heat to medium-low, cover partially, and simmer until the beets are tender, 25–30 minutes. Drain the beets, reserving 2 cups (16 fl oz/500 ml) of the cooking liquid. When the cooked beets are cool enough to handle, peel them and then cut into slices 1 /4 inch (6 mm) thick. Divide the beet slices and the onion slices among the jars. In a saucepan over medium heat, combine the reserved cooking liquid, the vinegar, sugar, cardamom, cloves, and salt. Bring to a boil, stirring, just until the sugar is dissolved. Ladle the hot vinegar mixture into the jars, evenly distributing the spices and leaving 1 /2 inch (12 mm) of headspace. Remove any air bubbles and adjust the headspace, if necessary. Wipe the rims clean and seal tightly with the lids. Process the jars for 7 minutes in a boiling-water bath (for detailed instructions, including cooling and testing seals, see pages 228–229). Let the jars stand undisturbed for 24 hours and then set them aside for 1 week for the flavors to develop. The sealed jars can be stored in a cool, dark place for up to 3 months. If a seal has failed, store the jar in the refrigerator for up to 1 week.
Pickled Beet & Arugula Salad Pickled beets give this salad some extra zing and make for a gorgeous presentation. Minced preserved lemon, deliciously salty and citrusy at the same time, is a great addition to salad dressings. Crumbled fresh goat cheese or feta can be substituted for the ricotta salata. For the croutons (optional) 6 slices day-old baguette, each 1 inch (2.5 cm) thick 2 Tbsp olive oil 1 /4 tsp sea salt 2 tsp minced fresh thyme 2 Tbsp white wine vinegar 1 tsp Dijon mustard 1/2 tsp freshly ground pepper 1/2 preserved lemon, peel only, minced (see instructions here) 1/3 cup (3 fl oz/80 ml) olive oil 4 cups (4 oz/125 g) arugula 1 cup (6 oz/185 g) Pickled Beets, slices halved 1/4 lb (125 g) ricotta salata cheese Serves 4 To make the croutons, if using, cut the bread slices into 1-inch (2.5-cm) cubes. In a frying pan over medium heat, warm the olive oil. Add the bread cubes, reduce the heat to low, and cook, turning once, until golden and crusty, about 4 minutes on each side. Sprinkle with the salt and thyme, toss briefly, and transfer to paper towels to drain. In a large bowl, whisk together the vinegar, mustard, pepper, and lemon. Gradually whisk in the olive oil until smooth. Add the arugula and beets and toss to coat well. Divide the salad among individual plates. Using a vegetable peeler, shave the ricotta salata over the salads. Serve at once. Canning Step-by-Step 1. Preparing the jars & lids First, ready the jars, lids, and screw bands. Jars, whether new or previously used, should be free of chips and scratches. New lids must be used for each batch, though screw bands, if in good condition, can be reused. Wash the jars, lids, and bands well in hot soapy water, either by hand or in a dishwasher. Place the lids in a small saucepan with water to cover, bring to a simmer (180°F/82°C), and maintain the simmer until you are ready to use them. Avoid boiling the lids, or you may compromise the seal. If the recipe processing time is more than 10 minutes, the jars need only be washed before use, since sterilization will occur during processing. If the recipe processing time is 10 minutes or less, however, the jars must be sterilized in the boiling-water canner before they are filled. To sterilize them, fill the canner pot two-thirds full of hot water. Fill the jars with hot water and, using a rubber-coated jar lifter, lower the jars, one at a time, onto the rack in the water-filled pot, making sure they are covered by at least 1 inch (2.5 cm) of water. Bring the water to a boil over high heat and boil for 10 minutes. Turn off the heat and leave the jars in the hot water. Remove them with the jar lifter and dry them as needed. Always keep the jars warm until you are ready to fill them to ensure that they don’t break when a hot mixture is added and that they seal properly. If you have cleaned the jars in a dishwasher and they don’t need sterilization, leave them in the dishwasher with the door closed, removing them, one at a time, as needed. If you have sterilized them in the canner pot, leave them in the hot water until needed. You can also keep just-washed jars warm by immersing them in a large pan filled with boiling water and then turning off the heat, or by slipping them into a low oven. 2. Filling & processing the jars If you have sterilized the jars in the water canner, the rack will already be in place. If you have not, before filling the jars, insert the rack into the canner. Fill the canner about two-thirds full with water and bring to a boil over high heat. At the same time, bring a tea kettle full of water to a boil, and then adjust the heat to maintain a simmer, in case you need additional boiling water to cover the filled jars once they are in the canner. Working with one warm, dry jar at a time, place a funnel over the opening. Depending on the recipe, use a ladle, slotted spoon, or other utensil to fill the jars, leaving the amount of headspace called for in the recipe. To determine the headspace, measure the space between the top of the jar and the top of the food or liquid in the jar. Run a thin nonmetallic spatula or a chopstick around the inside edge of the jar to release any air bubbles trapped inside, and then adjust the headspace if necessary. Wipe the rim with a clean, damp cloth to remove any errant droplets that could prevent a proper seal. Use nonmetallic tongs or a magnetic wand to remove a hot lid from the simmering water, and dry with a clean kitchen towel. Top the jar with a dry, warm lid. Then screw a band over the lid just until it is secure. Do not turn the band too tightly, as the seal must allow air to escape from the jar during processing. Immediately arrange the jars in the canner, using the jar lifter to lower them onto the rack. Do not let the jars cool before exposing them to boiling water, or they may crack. Make sure the jars are covered by at least 2 inches (5 cm) of water. Cover the pot with the lid and begin timing the processing after the water has returned to a rapid boil. Once the time is up, use the lifter to remove the jars from the boiling water. Place the jars on a kitchen towel or rack, spacing them well apart to allow air to circulate, and let cool completely. You may hear the “ping” of the jar lids being sucked into a vacuum seal within minutes of removing them from the water, or it may take hours for the seal to occur. 3. Testing the seal When the jars have cooled completely, test the seal by gently pressing on the top of each lid. It should be taut and rigid to the touch and slightly indented. If the lid bounces back and makes a clicking noise when you press it, the seal is not good. To test it further, unscrew the band and gently lift the lid with your fingertips. If you are able to pick up the entire jar by holding the edges of the lid, the seal is good. If the lid slips easily from the jar rim, the seal is insufficient. Store any jar that does not have a good seal in the refrigerator for the time specified in individual recipes. 4. Storing Most jars with proper seals can be stored for up to 1 year. Label the jars with their contents and the date on which they were sealed, and then store in a cool, dark place, as excessive heat or light can discolor the contents. Each time you open a new jar, check the contents for signs of spoilage. Be wary if the aroma is especially sour or musty. Also, dispose of the contents of any jar with visible mold or discoloration at the top or around any air pockets, or with tiny bubbles, a sign the contents have fermented. Finally, discard the contents of any jar that does not appear to have maintained a tight seal throughout its storage. Altitude adjustments The recipes in this book have been formulated for canning at sea level. High altitudes require a longer processing time, because thehigher the elevation, the lower the temperature at which water boils. In general, you should add 1 minute to the processing time for every 1,000 feet (300 m) in altitude, or 2 minutes per 1,000 feet if the original processing time is more than 20 minutes. For altitudes higher than 5,000 feet (1,500 m), consider using a steam-pressure canner, which will allow for accurate processing time without overcooking the food. Related: The Art of Preserving from Williams-Sonoma Recipes and images reprinted with permission of Williams-Sonoma.