How To Make Ice Cream at Home

Tutorials from The Kitchn

We've been talking ice cream all week (it's Ice Cream Week at The Kitchn!) but let's take a step back here for a minute and get down to basics. If you've never made ice cream at home but want to give it a try, start here. This is a tutorial for making plain vanilla ice cream, from start to finish, showing you your options for recipes and churning methods along the way. And let me be very clear: When you make vanilla ice cream at home, with good milk and cream, and real vanilla bean, it's anything but plain!

Making ice cream is really a fairly simple process. It can feel complicated because people get very passionate about it and add little tricks and steps to make a better end product, and there are a lot of options when it comes to recipes, tools, and methods.

I've tried to give you here a fairly straightforward overview of the whole process, noting options where applicable.

Please add your own tips and advice as well — making ice cream is such a delicious and rewarding thing, and vanilla is only the beginning!

What You Need

2 1/4 cups whole milk, divided
5 teaspoons cornstarch
2 ounces cream cheese, very soft
1/4 teaspoon fine salt
1 cup heavy cream
2/3 cup sugar
2 tablespoons honey
1 vanilla bean
1 teaspoon vanilla extract

2 small to medium-sized prep bowls
Big bowl
Ice cream maker
Shallow freezer container with lid
Plastic wrap or waxed paper


1. Make an ice cream base (or mix) - This is the creamy, liquid stuff that becomes ice cream after freezing, and it deserves a much longer post of its own. Making a cooked ice cream base is essentially identical to making homemade pudding or custard. In this recipe I show you the Jeni's method, but here's an overview of your basic options, since this isn't the only way to do it.

Ice Cream Base Options

There are many ways to make an ice cream base.

Custard is perhaps the most classic. This involves cooking egg yolks with cream and sugar. The egg yolks help the ice cream stay ice-free and rich on the tongue. Some people don't like the eggy taste so much, though.

Philadelphia-style is made with just cream, sugar, and flavorings. It replaces the egg yolks with just fat from the cream. It's quite simple.

Jeni's style, from the Jeni's Splendid Ice Creams cookbook, has become so popular it warrants its own bullet point. Jeni uses cornstarch to thicken the ice cream, and just a dollop of cream cheese for smoothness and body. It's basically an ultra-optimized version of Philadelphia-style ice cream, and for me at least it gives the most reliable and enjoyable results.

Uncooked ice cream bases are varied and there are some excellent recipes for ice cream that don't require anything cooked at all. Sweetened condensed milk, with its concentrated milkfat, is a frequently occurring ingredient here.

Vanilla Bean Ice Cream Base Recipe

makes about 1 quart

2 1/4 cups whole milk, divided
5 teaspoons cornstarch
2 ounces cream cheese, very soft
1/4 teaspoon fine salt
1 cup heavy cream
2/3 cup sugar
2 tablespoons honey
1 vanilla bean
1 teaspoon vanilla

Make the Cornstarch Slurry: In your first small bowl, whisk together the cornstarch together with 1/4 cup of milk. Whisk thoroughly to make sure that the milk and cornstarch are smoothly combined. You can reach into the bowl and rub out any lumps between your fingertips if you want to be really sure.

Smooth Out the Cream Cheese: In your second small bowl, whisk the cream cheese until smooth, then whisk in an additional 1/4 cup milk. Whisk in the salt.

Flavor and Reduce the Dairy: In a 2-quart saucepan whisk together the remaining 1 3/4 cup milk, the heavy cream, sugar, and honey. Lay the vanilla bean flat on a cutting board and slit it open lengthwise. Use the tip of a teaspoon (or the knife) to scrape all these beans into the saucepan, then toss in the whole bean husk as well. Bring this mixture to a simmer over medium heat, whisking frequently. Reduce the heat and simmer for 4 minutes.
Remove the hot milk from the heat.

Thicken the Ice Cream Base: Whisk about 1/2 cup of the hot milk into the cornstarch slurry. Slowly pour this back into the hot milk, whisking constantly. Return to the heat and cook, whisking frequently, until it comes to a boil. Boil for 1 minute then remove from the heat. Whisk in the thinned cream cheese. Remove the vanilla bean. Whisk in the vanilla extract.

Chill, Churn, and Freeze: Proceed as directed below in chilling and freezing the ice cream base.

2. Chill the ice cream base - Most of the time you will be cooking your ice cream base, or at least warming the ingredients to dissolve the sugar, and so after this you should chill the base for as long as you can. This is so that the ice cream freezes fast and evenly in your ice cream maker.

Chilling Options

• Many recipes recommend chilling overnight, which is ideal.

• But you can also just chill the mix in the fridge or freezer for a couple hours, stirring occasionally.

• You can also follow the Jeni's instructions of pouring your ice cream mix in a bag and submerging it in ice water. This will chill your base very fast and very thoroughly, although it is a bit of mess and hassle to deal with.

3. Freeze & Churn the Ice Cream Base - Now comes the centerpiece of the ice cream action: Freezing the ice cream! The goal of churning the ice cream is to freeze the base while agitating or stirring the ice cream constantly so that large ice crystals don't form in the ice cream. More professional-quality ice cream makers will also beat a quantity of air into the ice cream as it freezes. But most home ice cream makers are not going to add a great deal of air to ice cream, which means that nearly all homemade ice cream is really closer to premium ice creams and traditional gelato, which have much less air by volume.

There are many options for getting your ice cream to freeze smoothly and evenly. Here they are, in order of popularity.

Ice Cream Churning & Freezing Options

Freeze-the-Bowl Home Ice Cream Maker
The most popular and common way of making ice cream at home is with a "freeze-the-bowl" model. This includes the KitchenAid bowl attachment, and the very popular Cuisinart ice cream maker (reviewed here). These are all relatively inexpensive options (you can find these attachments or machines for between $40 and $70). But you need extra freezer space to freeze the ice cream bowl until the special fluid inside is rock hard. Then you put in your chilled ice cream base, and let the machine stir the ice cream until it is mostly frozen. You can only make one batch at a time before you need to refreeze the bowl overnight.

Classic Ice and Salt Ice Cream Maker
The old-school way of making ice cream was a big bucket packed with salt and ice, with a smaller pail inside filled with the ice cream base. The salted ice created a low temperature environment, and then the ice cream base was churned with a paddle. Today you can still find these old-fashioned ice cream makers. They don't make quite as smooth of a product, but they are cheaper and lower-energy, especially the ones that require hand-cranking (you can also get electric-crank makers). They do require you to provide your own salt and ice, but they often make bigger batches.

Compressor-Model Ice Cream Maker
These ice cream makers have a built-in freezer so that you don't need to freeze the bowl or any of the components. Just pour in ice cream and turn on the switch. You can make many back to back batches like this, and the quality and consistency of the ice cream is quite similar to the freeze-the-bowl models. They are more expensive though (running about $300). See our review here of a Cuisinart model.

Homemade Ice Cream Hack
There are many ways to get ice cream to freeze well without using a machine. Here is a good post that shows you some of the best ways, from using hand beaters and a bowl full of ice, to using a food processor: 6 Ways to Make Ice Cream Without an Ice Cream Machine.

4. Stir in Mix-Ins - If adding something extra to ice cream, like chocolate drizzle, fruit sauce, or cookie bits, it's best to do this at the very end of the ice cream churning process. You can drizzle your sauce or mix-ins straight into the ice cream and let the ice cream maker mix them in, or if you're doing a more hack-type method, just stir in these mix-ins by hand. Sometimes if I am using something really delicate, or adding a sauce I want swirled in distinctly (instead of really combined) I'll scrape the ice cream out of the maker, then fold in carefully by hand before ripening the ice cream.

5. Ripen & Harden the Ice Cream in the Freezer - No matter what kind of ice cream maker you use, the freshly-churned ice cream will still be very soft and even runny after it has been churned. In order to get that scoopable texture, and to let the flavors meld and bloom, it's best to freeze the ice cream for at least a few hours before eating.

Scrape the ice cream into a shallow container (to help it freeze faster) and, just like when making custard or pudding, cover the surface of the ice cream completely with plastic wrap or waxed paper. Seal with a lid and freeze for a few hours. Then scoop and enjoy!

Additional Tips and Advice on Making Ice Cream:
Customized Ice Cream: 5 Tips For Creating Your Own Ice Cream Flavor
3 Tips for Mixing Brownies, Cake or Cookies Into Ice Cream
How To Make Ice Cream Cones
How to Make Creamier Low Sugar Ice Cream
Party Tip: Serve Ice Cream in Soufflé Cups
How To Make Creamy Ice Cream with Just One Ingredient!

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(Images: Faith Durand)

Per serving, based on 4 servings. (% daily value)
31.3 g (48.2%)
19 g (95%)
53.9 g (18%)
0.1 g (0.2%)
49.5 g
6.4 g (12.8%)
110.8 mg (36.9%)
273.6 mg (11.4%)