The smell of pasta, tomato sauce, and cheese baking together is one of life's most comforting scents. I know that what's going to come out of the oven will appeal to adults and children alike, feed a crowd without breaking the bank, and be just plain delicious. It's no wonder that baked ziti is the go-to for potlucks. Here's how to make an all-star pan of baked ziti — one that's never dry, made with a generous amount of cheese, and layered for the ultimate eating experience.
Baked Ziti Is Lasagna's More Relaxed Cousin
Lasagna and baked ziti share a lot of the same ingredients, but I find that baked ziti is a lot easier to throw together and serve. Because you don't have to wrestle pasta sheets or lasagna noodles or spend a lot of time layering everything together, baked ziti gives you the same satisfaction of eating lasagna, without all the fuss.
Sauce It Up
The main problem I've always had with baked ziti is dryness since the pasta sucks up a lot of sauce while baking. The easy remedy is to be generous with the sauce. If you want to be ambitious and make your own marinara, more power to you — your ziti will be amazing. I've been happy with using a good-quality store-bought marinara, however, and just doctoring it up with sautéed onions and garlic.
Going Homemade? Make This Sauce: Marcella Hazan's Tomato Sauce
Ziti Vs. Penne
Ziti is straight-cut tubes of smooth pasta, and the tubes are super important because they trap in sauce and little nuggets of cheese. Penne, which is tubes of pasta cut at a diagonal, tend to be easier to find and can be textured with ridges on the outside, trapping even more tasty sauce. Either type of pasta will work beautifully here.
In my opinion, it's mandatory for a good baked ziti to have three cheeses — and this is not the time to be skimpy with how much. Use mozzarella because it melts beautifully, Parmesan for depth of flavor, and ricotta for some creaminess.
Ricotta is the defining cheese of baked ziti and I can't imagine not using it. It's downfall is that it can bake up into a dry and grainy layer, and some people work around that by adding an egg to the ricotta or even substituting with cottage cheese. I love the flavor of ricotta, though, so I've found that the simple step of folding the ricotta into the pasta and sauce instead of layering it solves the problem and distributes it evenly without any dry bits. Plus, one less ingredient to layer in the baking dish!
Layering Is Important (but It's Easy!)
The first time I made baked ziti, I made distinct layers of ricotta and a thick topping of sauce and mozzarella on the top, but those layers just didn't work. I ended up with dry ricotta and mozzarella that didn't distribute itself evenly into the whole dish. Some bites were just cheese and sauce, and some just pasta. So I had to go back to the drawing board.
After some tinkering, I figured out how to put the whole dish together in a better way. It started with making sure the pasta was well-sauced, then folding in the ricotta. The mozzarella was much better distributed if half of it was layered into the pasta, then half reserved for the top so that it could melt and bake up golden-brown — the hallmark of a good pasta casserole. I also made sure there was enough sauce to use as a layer at the top, under the mozzarella. This layer of sauce insulated the pasta and kept it from drying out. Putting together the baked ziti in this way meant that every bite was well-sauced and deliciously cheesy.
The Versatility of Baked Ziti
This recipe is a template of sorts for baked ziti. It's vegetarian, but you can easily mix your favorite cooked sausage or other cooked vegetables right into the sauce for unlimited variations. It's adaptable to the crowd you're feeding or whatever ingredients in the fridge need to be used up.
Get the Recipe: Italian Sausage and Peppers Baked Ziti
At its core, baked ziti is just a pasta casserole, but one that's a potluck favorite because it can be a hearty side dish or do duty as the main course. Yes, it's not the fastest dish to throw together, but it can be made ahead and reheated or even frozen for an easy weeknight meal.
Since I have a small household of three, I like making baked ziti in two smaller baking dishes, then freezing one for later. I've even given baked ziti to families with newborns, and it's a joy to see the parents' eyes light up when they receive it. Baked ziti bliss.
How To Make Baked Ziti
What You Need
For the pasta and sauce:
2 tablespoons olive oil
1 medium yellow onion, finely chopped
3 cloves garlic, finely chopped
1/2 teaspoon red pepper flakes (optional)
5 cups marinara sauce (about 46 ounces)
1 teaspoon kosher salt, plus more for seasoning
Freshly ground black pepper
1 pound dried ziti or penne pasta
1 cup whole-milk ricotta cheese
1/2 cup finely grated Parmesan cheese, divided
1/4 teaspoon kosher salt
8 ounces shredded mozzarella cheese (about 2 cups)
Wooden spoon or rubber spatula
Large pot or Dutch oven
Strainer or colander
Measuring cups and spoons
Large skillet or frying pan
9x13-inch baking dish
- Heat the oven: Arrange a rack in the middle of the oven and heat to 375°F. Cook the pasta and sauce while the oven is heating.
- Boil the water: Bring a large pot of heavily salted water to a boil over medium-high heat. Meanwhile, make the sauce.
- Cook the onions and garlic: Heat the oil in a large pot or Dutch oven over medium heat until shimmering. Add the onion, garlic, and pepper flakes, season with salt and pepper, and cook, stirring occasionally, until softened, about 12 minutes.
- Simmer the sauce: Add the marinara and 1 teaspoon salt, stir to combine, and bring to a simmer. Remove from the heat.
- Cook the pasta: When the water is boiling, add the pasta and cook until just tender. While the pasta is cooking, make the ricotta filling.
- Make the ricotta filling: Stir the ricotta, 1/4 cup of the Parmesan, and salt together in a small bowl; set aside.
- Drain the pasta: When the pasta is ready, drain it in a colander or strainer.
- Sauce the pasta: Return the pasta to the now-empty pot. Add half of the sauce (about 3 cups) and stir until the pasta is well-coated. Taste and season with salt and pepper as needed.
- Fold in the ricotta: Add the ricotta mixture to the pasta and fold it in, leaving big pockets of ricotta here and there.
- Layer the pasta: Transfer half of the pasta mixture into a 9x13-inch baking dish and spread into an even layer. Evenly sprinkle with half of the mozzarella. Top with the remaining pasta in an even layer.
- Layer the sauce and cheese: Pour the remaining sauce over the pasta and spread into an even layer. Sprinkle the surface evenly with the remaining mozzarella and remaining 1/4 cup Parmesan.
- Bake the casserole: Bake uncovered until the edges are bubbling and the cheese is completely melted and browned in spots, about 30 minutes.
- Cool the casserole: Remove the baking dish to a wire rack and let cool 15 minutes before serving.
- Variations: Feel free to add 2 cups of cooked vegetables or a pound of cooked ground meat or sausage to the sauce. This Italian sausage and peppers baked ziti version is also delicious.
- Make ahead: This dish can be assembled and refrigerated, covered in foil, up to 2 days in advance. Bake covered for 15 minutes, then uncover and bake for 30 minutes more.
- Two smaller casseroles: This can be prepared in 2 (8x8-inch) baking dishes instead, which is great if you want to freeze half for a future meal.
- Freezing: Baked ziti can be frozen right in the baking dish for up to 2 months, just let it cool completely and wrap it tightly in aluminum foil first. Bake straight from the freezer covered with foil for 1 hour, then uncover and bake for 15 minutes more.
- Storage: Leftovers can be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator for up to 5 days.